Outbreak of Monkeypox in Europe authorities issue advisory in J&K
As you are aware, there is recent outbreak of Monkeypox cases in
Europe as well as United States and Australia. This is Zoonotic disease, first
identified in monkeys and it is also spread by rodents. The clinical presentation of
Monkeypox resembles that of Smallpox.
On 20th of May, 2022, Ministry of Health & Family Welfare (MoHFW) Gol issued
interim Health Advisory regarding the Monkeypox. This office has prepared a
Power point presentation in detail on the subject. You are requested to kindly
disseminate the advisory among all health care workers of your district for their
sensitisation and further necessary action
Key points about the disease:
•Monkeypoxis a viral zoonotic disease that occurs primarily in tropical rainforest areas of Central and West Africa and is occasionally exported to other regions.
•Monkeypoxtypically presents clinically with fever, rash and swollen lymph nodesand may lead to a range of medical complications.
•Monkeypoxis usually a self-limited diseasewith the symptoms lasting from 2 to 4 weeks. Severe cases can occur. Case fatality rate may vary from 1-10%
•Monkeypoxcan be transmitted from Animal to Humans as well as human to human.The virus enters the body through broken skin (even if not visible), respiratory tract, or the mucous membranes (eyes, nose, or mouth).
•Animal-to-human transmission may occur by bite or scratch, bush meat preparation, direct contact with body fluids or lesion material, or indirect contact with lesion material, such as through contaminated bedding.
•Human-to-human transmission is thought to occur primarily through large respiratory droplets generally requiring a prolonged close contact.
•It can also be transmitted through direct contact with body fluids or lesion material, and indirect contact with lesion material, such as through contaminated clothing or linens of an infected person.
•The clinical presentation of monkeypoxresembles that of smallpox, a related orthopoxvirusinfection which was declared eradicated worldwide in 1980. Monkeypoxis less contagious than smallpox and causes less severe illness.
•Incubation period is usually 7-14 daysbut can range from 5-21 days and the person is usually not contagious during this period.
•An infected person may transmit the disease from 1-2 days before appearance of the rash and remain contagious till all the scabs fall off.
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