21st June 2024 Daily Current Affairs

1. What is the theme of ‘World Sickle Cell Day 2024’?

[A] Hope Through Progress: Advancing Sickle Cell Care Globally
[B] Celebrating Progress
[C] Shine the Light on Sickle Cell
[D] Increase public awareness and understanding of sickle cell disease (SCD)

Correct Answer: A [Hope Through Progress: Advancing Sickle Cell Care Globally]

Notes:
World Sickle Cell Day is observed on June 19 to raise awareness about sickle cell disease, a genetic blood disorder. Established by a 2008 UN resolution, it aims to inform the public and stakeholders about early detection and prevention. The 2024 theme, “Hope through Progress: Advancing Sickle Cell Care Globally,” emphasizes improving care and providing relief for patients worldwide.

2. Nalanda University, recently seen in news, is located in which state?

[A] Jharkhand
[B] Gujarat
[C] Bihar
[D] Rajasthan

Correct Answer: C [Bihar]

Notes:
Prime Minister Narendra Modi will inaugurate the new Nalanda University campus near the ancient ruins in Rajgir, Bihar. Founded by Kumargupta in the 5th century, Nalanda was a renowned monastic university for 600 years, flourishing under Harshavardhan and the Pala monarchs. It attracted students from across Asia, teaching subjects like Buddhism, medicine, and astronomy. Destroyed in 1193 by Bakhtiyar Khilji, it was rediscovered in 1812 and is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

3. Recently, which country became the first Southeast Asian country to recognize same-sex marriage?

[A] Thailand
[B] Vietnam
[C] Malaysia
[D] Singapore

Correct Answer: A [Thailand]

Notes:
Thailand became the first Southeast Asian country to recognize same-sex marriage. Despite its inclusive reputation, Thailand faced decades of challenges passing this law due to conservative societal and governmental values. The bill grants full legal, financial, and medical rights to marriage partners of any gender. It awaits formal endorsement by King Maha Vajiralongkorn and will become effective within 120 days.

4. Trent Boult, who recently announced his retirement from International cricket, belongs to which country?

[A] Australia
[B] South Africa
[C] Afghanistan
[D] New Zealand

Correct Answer: D [New Zealand]

Notes:
New Zealand’s left-arm fast bowler Trent Boult announced his retirement from international cricket after New Zealand’s final Group C match against Papua New Guinea at the 2024 T20 ICC Cricket World Cup. Boult took two wickets for 14 runs. Fellow pacer Lockie Ferguson achieved a rare feat, taking three wickets without conceding a run in his four overs, making him the second player to do so in T20 internationals.

5. Ghodbunder Fort, recently seen in news, is located in which state?

[A] Maharashtra
[B] Gujarat
[C] Kerala
[D] Rajasthan

Correct Answer: A [Maharashtra]

Notes:
A hidden chamber was recently discovered beneath the inner layers of Ghodbunder Fort during restoration work. Ghodbunder Fort, located in Thane, Maharashtra, on the Ulhas River, was built by the Portuguese and completed in 1730. Initially used for horse trading, it was later occupied by the Marathas and the British. The fort features a Portuguese church from the early 16th century and various historical structures.

 

20th June 2024 Daily Current Affairs 

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