Jun 24, 2024

8th June 2024 Daily Current Affairs

1. Recently, which department has launched a comprehensive survey to identify and address the challenges faced by MSMEs in adapting to new technologies?

[A] Department of Telecommunications
[B] Department of Consumer Affairs
[C] Department of Commerce
[D] Department of Economic Affairs

Correct Answer: A [Department of Telecommunications]

The Department of Telecommunications (DoT) launched a 60-day survey to identify challenges faced by MSMEs in adopting new technologies. Covering five sectors in both North and South India, the survey will explore AI, IoT, cloud computing, and 5G/6G integration needs across ten industries. The findings will inform policies to help MSMEs remain competitive in increasingly digitized global markets.

2. Mount Kanlaon, recently seen in the news, is located in which country?

[A] Mexico
[B] Philippines
[C] Indonesia
[D] Chile

Correct Answer: B [Philippines]

Hundreds sheltered in evacuation centers after Mount Kanlaon erupted in the central Philippines. Mount Kanlaon, a 2435m stratovolcano on Negros Island, is the highest mountain on the island and part of the Pacific Ring of Fire. Known for its pyroclastic cones and craters, the biologically diverse volcano has erupted multiple times since 1886, with phreatic explosions causing minor ashfalls. It influences major river systems on Negros Island.

3. Minuteman III intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM), recently seen in the news, developed by which country?

[A] United States
[B] Russia
[C] China
[D] Japan

Correct Answer: A [United States]

The US tested an unarmed Minuteman III ICBM from Vandenberg Space Force Base. The Minuteman III, deployed in the 1960s, is the sole land-based component of the US nuclear triad, designed by Boeing. Despite initial plans for a ten-year service, it will be used until the GBSD is available in 2029. The three-stage, solid-fuel missile, with a 13,000 km range, currently carries a single nuclear warhead, ensuring fast launch and high reliability.

4. What is ‘Thismia malayana’, recently seen in news?

[A] A new species of plant
[B] A rare species of fern
[C] A type of traditional medicine
[D] An ancient irrigation technique

Correct Answer: A [A new species of plant]

Thismia malayana, a newly discovered mycoheterotrophic plant in Peninsular Malaysia’s rainforests, steals nutrients from underground fungi instead of performing photosynthesis. It thrives in low-light forest understories, with specialized flowers pollinated by fungus gnats. Typically 2 cm long, it grows near tree roots or rotten logs and is highly sensitive to environmental changes, earning a Vulnerable status on the IUCN Red List.

5. H5N2 virus, sometimes seen in the news, is related to which disease?

[A] Malaria
[B] Dengue
[C] Bird flu

Correct Answer: C [Bird flu]

The first human case of H5N2 avian flu has been reported in Mexico City, involving a 59-year-old man who died. Bird flu, caused by the Avian Influenza A virus, primarily infects poultry and wild birds but can jump to humans through direct contact. H5N2, a subtype first reported in Mexican poultry, spreads through migratory bird patterns and interactions with domestic birds. Environmental changes also influence its spread.


7th June 2024 Daily Current Affairs 

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