22nd June 2024 Daily Current Affairs

1. Recently, who won a gold medal at the Paavo Nurmi Games in Finland?

[A] Neeraj Chopra
[B] Toni Keranen
[C] Oliver Helander
[D] Anderson Peters

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Correct Answer: A [Neeraj Chopra]

Olympic Gold medallist Neeraj Chopra won the Gold medal at the Paavo Nurmi Games 2024 in Finland with a throw of 85.97m on June 18. This was his third event of the season, after missing the Ostrava Golden Spike meet due to injury. Chopra’s performance reaffirms his top form as he prepares for the Paris Olympics next month.

2. Which day is observed as ‘World Refugee Day’ every year?

[A] 19 June
[B] 20 June
[C] 21 June
[D] 22 June

Correct Answer: B [20 June]

World Refugee Day is celebrated annually on June 20 to raise awareness about refugees’ plight and promote their inclusion. The 2024 theme is “For a World Where Refugees Are Welcomed.” Established in 2001 to mark the 1951 Refugee Convention’s 50th anniversary, it underscores international cooperation. Refugees flee due to conflict, persecution, and violence, highlighting the need for global solidarity and lasting solutions to the refugee crisis.

3. Which airport recently became the first in the country to introduce a self-service baggage drop system?

[A] Rajiv Gandhi International Airport
[B] Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel International Airport
[C] Indira Gandhi International Airport
[D] Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport

Correct Answer: C [Indira Gandhi International Airport]

Delhi’s Indira Gandhi International Airport Ltd launched a self-service baggage drop system on June 17. About 50 units are installed across Terminals 1 and 3, available for Air India, IndiGo, and Air India Express passengers. The system allows passengers to print tags at kiosks, place bags on the conveyor belt, and complete check-in quickly. It checks airline criteria and dangerous goods declarations internally for a seamless experience.

4. What is the aim of the National Forensic Infrastructure Enhancement Scheme (NFIES), recently approved by government of India?

[A] To improve healthcare infrastructure
[B] To strengthen the criminal forensic infrastructure
[C] To enhance educational facilities
[D] To develop transportation systems

Correct Answer: B [To strengthen the criminal forensic infrastructure]

The Indian government approved the National Forensic Infrastructure Enhancement Scheme (NFIES) to strengthen forensic infrastructure, aiding the criminal justice system. Approved on June 19, 2024, by the Union Cabinet, chaired by PM Narendra Modi, the NFIES will be implemented by the Home Ministry. It supports new criminal laws effective July 1, 2024, requiring mandatory forensic investigation for severe crimes. NFIES includes new campuses for the National Forensic Sciences University and additional Central Forensic Science Laboratories.

5. What is the Casimir Effect, recently seen in news?

[A] A phenomenon where two charged plates repel each other
[B] A phenomenon where two uncharged conducting plates experience an attractive force
[C] A phenomenon where two uncharged conducting plates experience a repulsive force
[D] A phenomenon where two charged plates experience a magnetic force

Correct Answer: B [A phenomenon where two uncharged conducting plates experience an attractive force]

Scientists have discovered how to control the Casimir Effect to enhance tiny machines. The Casimir Effect, predicted by Hendrik Casimir in 1948, involves an attractive force between two closely placed uncharged conducting plates due to quantum vacuum fluctuations. This phenomenon, filled with virtual particles, has been experimentally verified and is crucial in nanotechnology and condensed matter physics, significantly impacting micromachined devices and our understanding of vacuum energy.


21st June 2024 Daily Current Affairs 

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